What can Bhutan teach India about being carbon negative?

bhutan, carbon negative, net zero bhutan
Bhutan has been a valuable inspiration to help India meet its ambitious emissions targets. Know about the strategies this small country has implemented to achieve this feat.

Table of Contents

India and Bhutan are two of the fastest-growing economies in the world, but they have very different carbon footprints. Bhutan has been a valuable inspiration to help India meet its ambitious emissions targets. Bhutan’s population is just over 700,000, but its government is carbon neutral. The country has set a goal of becoming carbon negative by 2020 – and it’s on track to achieve it!


This small country has achieved carbon neutrality by using wind and solar power, improving waste management, and investing in transport and energy infrastructure. India can learn much from Bhutan’s success in becoming more sustainable and reducing its CO2 emissions.


Bhutan has been a valuable inspiration to help India meet its ambitious emissions targets. Bhutan is a landlocked country in south-central Asia, which has been carbon neutral since 2011. This small country has achieved this feat by investing heavily in renewable energy and reducing carbon emissions.

Here are a few lessons Bhutan can teach India about being carbon negative

1. Make use of natural resources wisely and sparingly

Bhutanese officials believe that if they use resources efficiently, they will not need to mine or import any additional commodities. Instead, they will be able to rely on nature for many things, such as food and clothing.

The Bhutanese government believes that the way to protect their environment and safeguard their future is by reducing their reliance on imported oil and increasing their use of renewable energy sources. 

First, the country has invested heavily in renewable energy technologies like wind and solar power. This investment allows them to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and generate revenue by selling electricity at a premium price across national borders. 

2. Take advantage of clean energy sources whenever possible

Solar power is abundant in Bhutan due to its high latitude and sunny weather conditions, making it an ideal country for solar installation.” 


These measures have led to massive reductions in Bhutan’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In 2007, its GHG emissions were equivalent to those of Germany or Japan – but today, they are just 10% of their former levels thanks to concerted action by the government over several decades.

India can learn many valuable lessons from Bhutan about reducing its CO2 emissions without relying on expensive technology or subsidies.

3. Implement sustainable farming practices that protect soil fertility and water supplies

For example, Bhutanese farmers use green manuring technique that helps sequester carbon in the soil. The country also operates several renewable energy sources, such as hydropower and solar power. Nearly half Bhutan’s electricity comes from renewable resources (as opposed to coal or oil).

India could learn a lot from how Bhutan has approached climate change. By implementing similar measures across all sectors of Indian society, we can help mitigate the effects of global warming on our planet.

Bhutan became the first country to law legislation mandating that all its citizens must reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2020.

Since then, Bhutan has made significant progress in meeting this goal. For example, between 2009 and 2014 alone, Bhutan’s GDP grew by 90%. 

4. Bhutan took a two-pronged approach to becoming carbon neutral

They reduced deforestation and increased energy efficiency. Between 2008 and 2012, forest area decreased by 27%, mostly due to government initiatives encouraging people not to clear forests for agriculture or development purposes.

Additionally, renewable energy makes up a large portion of Bhutan’s energy mix – almost 60% in 2016! This strategy reduces CO2 emissions and boosts economic growth because more efficient buildings use less electricity (and contribute less pollution).

India could learn a lot from what Bhutan has done so far! By implementing similar strategies, India can help protect its environment while still growing economically.

India needs to focus on sustainable agricultural practices that will reduce CO2 emissions while ensuring food security for its citizens. Additionally, India must create an electronic registry of all emitter vehicles so that individuals and businesses know exactly how much pollution they produce daily. 

By implementing similar policies across various sectors ranging from economic development to infrastructure construction to urban planning and waste management, India could reach significant climate goals while also boosting GDP growth overall.

Bhutan is a country that has managed to become carbon negative without relying on fossil fuels or artificial fertilizers. How did they do it?

The answer lies in Bhutan’s unique approach to agriculture. Instead of using chemical pesticides and fertilizers, the country relies on natural methods such as crop rotation and symbiotic planting. These practices help keep soil healthy and reduce carbon emissions from farming activities.


Since becoming a republic in 2008, Bhutan has made even more significant strides toward sustainability by embracing renewable energy sources like solar and wind power, banning deforestation entirely, and setting ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. BHUTAN’S SUCCESS CAN TEACH INDIA A LOT ABOUT BEING CARBON NEGATIVE!


It’s no surprise that India and Bhutan are experiencing a similar battle. Today, both countries must reduce their carbon footprints to future-proof their economies. This is where being carbon negative can play a vital role.


To do this, we need to start using renewable energy sources like solar power, wind power, and biogas instead of burning fossil fuels. That way, not only will we be able–but also society will see the positive effects of such steps on climate change!


What spurred India to take the lead in the global fight against climate change?

Many factors have spurred India to take the lead in the global fight against climate change. First and foremost, India is a country with over 1.3 billion people who are highly influential when it comes to shaping international policymaking. Additionally, India has made significant advancements in renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power and waste management systems, which gives it an edge when competing for investments from other nations. Finally, there is strong political support for climate action within the country – both at the national level and across different levels of government.

How can India build on Bhutan's success to become a leading champion of climate change action?

Bhutan has significantly reduced its environmental impact while simultaneously growing its economy. This experience can be valuable for India, as it highlights the potential benefits of climate action within a development context. In addition, Bhutan has successfully built partnerships with other nations and developed regional initiatives to help reduce emissions across the region. India can adapt and apply these lessons to further bolster its position as a global leader in climate change action.

What role do you think education and awareness play in promoting climate change mitigation and adaptation?

Education and awareness are important in promoting climate change mitigation and adaptation. In particular, education can help people understand the risks posed by climate change and how they can contribute to reducing emissions. Additionally, awareness campaigns can raise public support for action on climate change and help create a culture of conservation among citizens.

What can be done to help support India's transition to a more environmentally sustainable society?

Several things can be done to help support India's transition to a more environmentally sustainable society. For example, government policies and interventions should promote innovation and green growth strategies. In addition, investments in energy efficiency programs and waste management systems could make a significant impact in reducing emissions from economic sectors.

Social Media

Most Popular

Stay Updated with the latest
Subscribe To Our Weekly Newsletter

TheGreenLiving is reader-supported. When you buy via the links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you. Learn more.