What is Bio Enzyme & How to make one at your home

Bio Enzyme
Make an eco-friendly shift to Bio Enzyme for your usual cleaning routine to avoid interactions with store-bought toxic cleaners. Safe for your health and environment, bio-enzymes are the perfect solution for your sustainable lifestyle.

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Detergents, disinfectants or other cleaners we have been using in our home possess a major threat to the environment and our health. Nonylphenol- a chemical agent with amphiphilic properties, often found in these detergents contaminate the water bodies and harm aquatic life.

Where this chemical agent is already banned in US, UK and China, it’s still used unregulated in India. With these agents surrounding your daily life, it’s best to switch to bio-enzymes that can be both- a cleanser and safe for the environment too.

What is a bio-enzyme cleaner?

Bio-enzyme is a multipurpose cleaner that uses pathogenic bacteria to break down our soils into smaller pieces. When bacteria break the entire waste into carbon dioxide and water and no more waste is left to be fed upon, it diminishes.
Being natural, this cleaner is safe for the environment and human health too.

How to make an eco-friendly cleaner at home?

how to make a bio enzyme
Source: Swachagraha.in

Ingredients Required:

  • Citrus Peels (Lemon/Orange)- 300gms
  • Jaggery- 100gms
  • Water- 1Ltr
  • Old Plastic container- preferably 5Ltr (much convenient still you can go for 2 Ltr if easily available)
  • Yeast- 1tsp (optional)

Ratio– 1:3:10- Jaggery:Peel:water


  1. Mix all the listed ingredients in a container.
  2. Store it away from direct sunlight.
  3. Open the lid of the container for 2-3min every day for the first two weeks to remove the gas buildup.
  4. After 2 weeks, degassing process (step 3) needs to be repeated every 2-3 days.
  5. Your bio-enzyme cleaner will take 1.5 months if prepared with yeast. Without yeast, it may take upto 3 months.  
  6. Strain the liquid after the suggested timeframe and store it in an airtight container.

How to use Bio Enzyme?

  1. For hard/greasy stains– Sprinkle the undiluted bio-enzyme liquid on the spot for 20mins, scrub and clean with plain water.
  2. For normal cleaning purposes– Use it diluted for normal cleaning, adding nearly 2 parts of water. Now, this diluted mixture can be used as a normal cleaner.
  3. As fertilizer– Bio Enzyme can also be used as a liquid fertilizer. Mix 1 part of bio enzyme to 50 parts of water.
  4. Mopping– For cleaning the floor, use it diluted with a ratio of 1:20 (bio-enzyme: water). For hard stains use it undiluted.
  5. For dishes and laundry– The bio-enzyme solution when mixed with soap nut liquid can be used to clean clothes and dishes. Soapberries or soap nut is a natural ingredient used for ages for cleaning and washing purposes. For better results, use a good quality soap nut liquid.
  6. Clean your fruits and vegetables– Mix one tablespoon of the solution in a bowl of water and dunk in your fruits and veggies in this solution. Finish washing with running tap water and your eatables are good to be consumed now.


  1. The liquid will be ready to use after 1.5-3 months, depending on if yeast is used or not. And you can confirm as after this span no gas will be formed and peels might settle at the bottom.
  2. You can replace lemon or orange peel with papaya or pineapple peel.
  3. Always store the liquid in an airtight container to avoid a foul smell.
  4. This is a multi-purpose cleaner. And depending upon the intensity or nature of your stain you can use it undiluted or simply reduce the amount of water than suggested. 
  5. This can also be used as a room freshener. For this mix 1 part of BE to 3 parts of water.
  6. Though yeast will fasten the process but it’s preferable to prepare the cleaner without yeast for better results.

The first batch may take upto 3 months and the subsequent batches can be made simultaneously for continuous usage. Shifting to bio-enzymes can help a lot in achieving chemical-free water bodies.

Ditch the chemical cleaners and prepare an eco-friendly cleaner for your home. You can also look for other eco-friendly cleaners easily available in your home. 


What is bio enzyme used for?

A bio enzyme breaks down smells and dirt using microbes. The microbes in bioenzymes produce enzymes that aid in accelerating biological processes. When in contact with food, microorganisms continue to produce enzymes until no more waste is present.

What is an example of bio enzyme?

Proteases: break down protein

Lipases: Break down fat and grease.

Amylases: Break down all the starch molecules.

Cellulases: Soften the fabric and restore colour to its fibres

What is bio enzyme for plants?

Enzyme plant fertilizers are proteins that help break down organic matter making nutrients more available for plants to use. This fertilizer also add natural oils and compounds that have antifungal and pest repelling properties.

Disadvantages of bio enzymes

The only disadvantage bioenzyme possess is that it needs time to multiply before digesting the targeted food. Plus the initial patience of around 3months is required before you finally can start using it.

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